Thursday, March 5, 2015

Historic Horses: The Spanish Jennet

      Every gaited American breed claims as its progenitor the "Spanish Jennet." Unfortunately, there was no such breed. These folks might be a little upset by that. The Jennet, or Gineta, horse was a riding discipline, rather than a breed. For more on this, I recommend The Art of Riding on Every Saddle, a 15th century riding manual, and this article.
      So what were these horses? The mythos of the Spanish Jennet is not a modern invention. There are multitudes of records outside of the Iberian peninsula referring to horses an "Spanish Jennets" (or Genets, or Genetas), and they do all share a number of characteristics. Regardless of how they were categorized at home, an Iberian animal whose primary purpose was aristocratic travel was called a "jennet."
       The common characteristics were: a "small" head, an abundance of hair, often an unusual coat color, high set neck, and an "amble." In paintings they often have long backs, and while we consider this a flaw is does prevent an exuberantly gaiting horse from stepping on itself (ever wonder why you usually see boots on Icelandics?). These were also not exceptionally large animals.
      If you're looking for a modern "Jennet," I recommend the Peruvian Paso:

JWF Aficion

Or a Mangalarga Marchador:

J├║piter Quitumba

     Currently only Pasos (both the Peruvian, and the Puerto Rican Paso Fino) are allowed to be registered with the Spanish Jennet Horse Society which seeks to recreate this historical horse, except in the case of "atigrado," or appaloosa-colored, division where Paso-crosses are permitted.

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